How to Write a Prologue: 8 Secret Steps

Jump To Section

Every great story deserves an impactful beginning, and a well-crafted prologue has the power to captivate readers from the start. Whether you’re writing a book introduction or perfecting the elements of a compelling prologue, it’s essential to understand the purpose and function of this introductory piece. In this guide, we’ll reveal 8 secret steps to create a prologue that will not only enrich your story but also grab your reader’s curiosity from the very first words.

What is a Prologue?

A prologue, as defined by, is an introductory part of a play, book, or musical work, setting the stage for the story that follows. It goes beyond merely providing background information to serve various storytelling functions, enhancing the literary work’s opening act.

What is the Purpose of a Prologue?

According to MasterClass, the purpose of a prologue stretches beyond mere background information. It is a versatile tool that can serve various storytelling functions, such as:

  1. Foreshadowing future events
  2. Provinding historical context
  3. Introducing a narrative voice or theme that resonates throughout the tale

Understanding a prologue’s multifaceted nature will help you craft one that enhances your literary work’s opening act. By grasping the definition of a prologue and recognizing its prologue significance, you can harness storytelling techniques to create a captivating introduction to your story. An effective prologue invites readers into your fictional world while providing them with essential context, helping to set the stage for an immersive narrative experience.

Prologue vs. Preface vs. Foreword vs. Introduction?

Writer considering multiple document sections including prologue, preface, and introduction

For those new to writing, it is important to understand the differences between a prologue, preface, foreword, and introduction, as well as their respective purposes. Using these literary elements correctly is essential for setting the reader’s expectations and guiding them into your story. Each component serves a distinct purpose, which will be discussed further in this section.


A prologue is an introductory part of a narrative, written by the author to provide context and engage the reader. Many writers use a prologue to establish important details, like character backgrounds or setting the stage for the story ahead.


The preface is ordinarily written by the author and gives the reader a glimpse into the story of how the book came to be. Whether it be the inspiration behind the story, the writing process, or any challenges faced, a preface opens up the author’s thought-process as a sort of behind-the-scenes look.


Unlike a prologue and preface, a foreword is typically written by someone other than the author. It is meant to endorse the book or provide a general endorsement for the work. This piece is often presented by someone who is an authority in the field or has a strong connection to the subject matter, lending credibility to the book.


An introduction is an overview or summary of what is to come in the story. It provides an outline for the reader and offers an argument for why the topic is important. The introduction may foreshadow some content but ultimately focuses on setting the stage for the core chapters to follow.

To further illustrate the differences between these book components, here is a brief table summary:

Component Author Purpose
Prologue Author Provide context and engage the reader
Preface Author Explain the book’s inspiration and writing process
Foreword Someone other than the author Endorse the book and offer credibility
Introduction Author Present an overview of the story and its importance

By understanding these literary terms and their respective purposes, you will be better equipped to utilize them effectively within your book. Each of these book components serves to welcome and orient the reader, ensuring that their expectations are properly set from the very beginning.

Examples of Prologues in Literature

Collection of classic literature books including Romeo and Juliet and The Invisible Man

Some of the most famous prologues come from classic literature, showcasing the power of an effective story opening in setting the stage, introducing themes, and evoking emotions from readers. Notable examples include William Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet,” Geoffrey Chaucer’s “The Canterbury Tales,” and Ralph Ellison’s “Invisible Man.” Let’s explore why these prologues continue to captivate readers and inspire writers.

Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare

As highlighted by Washington State University, the prologue in “Romeo and Juliet” foretells the tragic events to come, setting an immediate tone of impending doom while piquing the reader’s curiosity. Through the use of a chorus, the prologue details the young lovers’ fateful encounter and the ensuing family feud. This concise yet powerful start to the play whets the appetite for the emotional rollercoaster that lies ahead.

The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer

The British Library discusses how Chaucer employs the prologue in “The Canterbury Tales” to introduce the cast of characters and set up the story’s framework. The prologue takes the form of a pilgrimage to Canterbury, with each character telling a tale along the way. By presenting these diverse personalities in the prologue, Chaucer intrigues readers and provides a colorful backdrop for the tales to be told.

Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

The prologue in Ellison’s “Invisible Man” serves as a manifesto for the novel’s themes of identity and invisibility. Through a first-person narrative, the protagonist shares his journey of self-discovery and grapples with the social dynamics that render him invisible. The prologue is a striking dive into the story’s themes, setting the stage for thought-provoking exploration throughout the novel.

These prime examples of prologues in literature demonstrate their versatility and potential to enrich a story when crafted skillfully. They not only introduce the characters and plot but also provoke thought and emotion, inviting readers to connect with the work on a deeper level.

How to Write a Prologue

Vintage typewriter with a sheet of paper titled 'Prologue' for a literary work

Creating an engaging and well-crafted prologue involves a delicate balance of writing techniques and storytelling essentials. By identifying the purpose of your prologue and employing narrative voice effectively, you will captivate your audience from the very beginning. Here are some key steps to help you write a prologue that will grab the reader’s attention and strengthen your narrative.

Identify the Purpose

Before diving into the content, determine why you need a prologue in your story. Identify its role, whether it imparts essential background information, establishes themes, or sets the narrative tone. Understanding the prologue’s purpose will guide you in crafting content that truly enhances your story.

Choose the Right Content

Pick content that resonates with your narrative’s essence. Consider foreshadowing future events, providing historical context, or introducing unique characters. Ensure that your prologue contains information that is vital to the reader’s understanding of the story and its themes.

Engage the Reader Immediately

A prologue must capture the reader’s attention instantly. Employ an intriguing hook that compels your audience to delve deeper into your narrative. You can achieve this through an enigmatic opening, an emotionally charged scene, or a captivating character introduction.

Establish the Tone and Style

The tone and style of your prologue should reflect the storytelling mood of your work. Use the narrative voice strategically to give your audience a taste of what lies ahead, whether it’s somber, humorous, suspenseful, or sentimental.

Keep It Concise & Impactful

Brevity is your friend when it comes to prologues. Keep it short and impactful without overwhelming your audience with too much information. Focus on engaging readers by carefully selecting the most relevant, thought-provoking aspects of your story to share in the prologue.

Create a Connection to the Main Story

Prologues must be adequately linked to the main narrative, either thematically, tonally, or chronologically. Ensure that your prologue doesn’t deviate significantly from the central storyline and that it forms a cohesive connection with the rest of your book.

Revise and Refine

Continual revision helps sharpen your prologue’s purpose and polish its content. Assess every element’s necessity, revisit your narrative voice, and review your chosen hook for maximum impact.

Seek Feedback

Obtain feedback from trusted readers or writing professionals to gain valuable insights that will elevate your prologue to professional standards. A fresh perspective can reveal previously unnoticed strengths or weaknesses, making constructive criticism instrumental in refining your prologue.

Common Mistakes & How to Avoid Them

Person reviewing a checklist titled 'COMMON Mistakes' with multiple items marked.

When crafting an engaging prologue, it’s crucial to be aware of the common pitfalls that can hamper effective storytelling. Let’s explore these common mistakes and the ways to avoid them so your prologue can serve as a compelling introduction to your narrative.

Irrelevance to the Main Story

According to Writer’s Digest, a successful prologue should be relevant and avoid detours that disconnect from the main story. Ensure your prologue clearly contributes to the narrative and builds the foundation for what’s to come.

Overloading with Exposition or Backstory

The Creative Penn cautions against overloading your prologue with excessive exposition or backstory, as this can slow down the momentum of the narrative. Find the right balance by including only the most pertinent background information that cannot be integrated elsewhere in the story.

Making it Too Long

A prologue should be concise and impactful, providing a taste of the story without dominating the reader’s interest. Trim any unnecessary details or descriptive passages to keep your prologue engaging and focused.

Lack of a Hook

Immediately capture your reader’s attention with a compelling hook that entices them to delve deeper into the narrative. Create intrigue or an emotional connection that carries through the rest of the story.

Confusing Chronology or Perspective

Ensure your prologue’s chronology and perspective are clear and easy to follow. Muddled timelines or shifts in point of view can disorient readers, undermining the overall impact of your narrative.

Using It as a Crutch

Resist the temptation to use the prologue as an informational crutch. Inject relevant background details and context throughout your story, rather than relying solely on the prologue to convey the necessary information.

Revealing Too Much

Avoid revealing too much in the prologue and stripping away the mystery needed to keep readers engaged. Strike a balance between offering enticing hints and maintaining an air of intrigue to drive the narrative forward.

Treating It as an Afterthought

Lastly, don’t treat your prologue as an afterthought. Fully capitalize on its potential as a powerful narrative device that sets the stage for your story. By avoiding these pitfalls, your prologue will indeed enrich your narrative structure and create an unforgettable reading experience.


What is a prologue, and why is it important?

A prologue is an introductory part of a play, book, or musical work that provides background information and sets the stage for the story. It is important because it can serve various storytelling functions, such as foreshadowing future events, providing historical context, or introducing a narrative voice or theme, and it helps in capturing the reader’s interest from the very beginning.

What is the difference between a prologue, preface, foreword, and introduction?

A prologue is part of the narrative and written by the author, while a preface, usually authored by the author as well, focuses on the story of how the book came to be. A foreword is often written by someone other than the author and offers an endorsement of the book, and an introduction primarily provides a summary or argument of what is to come. Each of these literary components serves a distinct purpose in guiding the reader into the story.

Can you provide some examples of famous prologues in literature?

Sure! Some famous prologues include the ones found in Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer, and Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison. These examples showcase the ability of prologues to introduce plot elements, thematic undertones, and emotional resonance in the stories.

What are some tips for writing an effective prologue?

To write an effective prologue, make sure to identify its purpose, choose the right content, engage the reader immediately, establish the tone and style, keep it concise and impactful, create a connection to the main story, revise and refine, and seek feedback from trusted sources.

What are some common mistakes when writing a prologue, and how can I avoid them?

Common mistakes when writing a prologue include irrelevance to the main story, overloading it with exposition or backstory, making it too long, not having a hook, confusing chronology or perspective, using it as a crutch, revealing too much, and treating it as an afterthought. To avoid these pitfalls, focus on maintaining relevance, using appropriate exposition, having a compelling opening, clarifying chronology, ensuring proper connections to the main narrative, and revising and refining your prologue while considering constructive feedback.

Want To Sell More Books?

Get exclusive access to book marketing secrets, proven strategies, and powerful tools for your self-publishing journey.